What Are the Different Types of Gemstones That Exist Today?

Are you interested in discovering the different types of gemstones available to you but don’t know where to start your research?

Do you want a piece of history to call your own, but you aren’t familiar with how to begin finding pieces that you’ll love?

Keep reading to learn more about choosing the perfect stones for you and your loved ones.

Classifying Gemstones

Gemstones are classified based on their chemical composition, hardness, and specific gravity. There are four different types of gems.


Silicate is the most common type of gemstone and comprises silicon and oxygen atoms. It includes minerals such as quartz, opal, and jade.


Oxide is a less common gemstone that comprises oxygen and another element. It includes minerals such as turquoise and lapis lazuli.


Carbonate is a relatively rare gemstone made up of carbon and oxygen atoms. It includes minerals such as emerald and sapphire.


Sulfide is the rarest type of gemstone and comprises sulfur and one other element. It includes minerals such as pyrite and galena.

Different Types of Gemstones

Stones are classified into two groups: precious and semiprecious.

Precious Stones

Since ancient times, they have been considered rare gemstones used for currency, personal adornment, and other decorative purposes.

The five precious stones are diamonds, sapphires, rubies, emeralds, and pearls. These stones are durable and have a high refractive index, making them the best gemstones for use in jewelry.

Semiprecious Stones

Semiprecious stones are just as gorgeous as precious ones but are more affordable than precious ones.

Amethyst is a violet stone that is said to represent peace and stability. Peridot is a lime green stone that is said to bring about wealth and prosperity.

Turquoise is a light blue stone that promotes healing and harmony. You can also shop for freeform turquoise or other gems without enhancement.

There are many other semiprecious stones, each with unique meaning and beauty.

Different Colored Gemstones

Different colored gemstones have been used throughout history as objects of value. The value of a particular stone is often determined by its color, as well as its clarity and cut.

The most common colors used in gemstones are blue, red, yellow, and green, but stones can also be found in shades of pink, purple, orange, and brown. Some of the most valuable gemstones, such as the pink diamond, are rare.

Other stones, such as the emerald, are valued for their deep, rich color. Still, others, like the sapphire, are prized for their stunning blue hue. No matter what the color, gemstones have always been treasured for their beauty and rarity.

Find a Perfect Gemstone Today!

Many different types of gemstones exist today. Some of the most popular gems include diamonds, rubies, sapphires, and emeralds. Each type of gemstone has its unique properties and beauty.

If you are interested in purchasing gemstones, it is essential to do your research to learn about the available gems.

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